The Venus of Morgantina is back! Maybe! I don’t know!


 

«The Venus of Morgantina shall come back to Sicily last week of February. But the inauguration of the museum in Aidone  will be postponed until April or May». That’s the news. But still the Venus has not touched the coasts of Sicily.

The Venus of Morgantina is a female statue of marble, of the height of 2.20 m, which represents the goddess dressed in a rich and elegant drapery, wet effect. The statue was built between 425 BC and 400 BC by a sculptor deemed to be from the  school of Phidias. The face and arms are carved in greek marble, the rest of the body in a calcareous tuff. It was just the quality of the tuff used to reveal the origin of the statue. Test results have, in fact, revealed that it comes from Sicily. The statue, according to the this test, but also to documents and witnesses, must be the one which was formerly located in the agora of Morgantina near Aidone, currently in the province of Enna in Sicily.
It was stolen between 1977 and 1979 by tomb raiders in Sicily,  in a country place called San Francesco. The thieves took a shot of it  with a Polaroid and started looking for a buyer. They found  it only a few days later. So they broke the statue into three parts, loaded  it onto a truck which took it directly in Switzerland, officially carrying furniture. The statue arrived without problems in Lugano, where it passed into the hands of the Italian architect Renzo Canavesi an art trafficker, though officially a dealer in foreign currencies.
 Canavesi then sold it for 400 thousand dollars to Robin Symes, the famous english gallerist who took it over in his art gallery in Geneva. Symes succeeded in providing a declaration by an Italian architect, who claimed to have been in possession of the statue since 1939, surprisingly (but not so much) just before the entry into force of the Bottai Statute, the first law  in Italy to declare in the public ownership of any archaeological finding which  from that moment on  was to be discovered on the Italian territory. With the false pedigree Symes in 1998 could easily sell the statue to the Getty Museum, at the time managed by Mrs. Marion True, who bought it for $ 18 million through a London auction house, to disperse further tracks.

Now the Italian Government has claimed it back from the Getty Museum and the Venus is back, though not yet (at the moment we are writing this comment) at her final destination, the Archaeological  Museum in the tiny Sicilian town of Aidone.

 

But the way we got it back is worth recalling, because it is a typical Italian story of  superficiality and stubbornness. An undeniable responsibility lies in fact with  the Italian authorities of the time, who in August 1987, answered American inquiries concerning the statue saying that there was no sure news of its illicit provenance.
Nevertheless, on  March 5 2001 the Court of Enna sentenced Renzo Canavesi to two years imprisonment and payment of 40 billion Italian liras in compensation to the Italian State: 20 billion for the estimated value of the statue, the other 20 for moral damages. It was the first conviction of its kind for illegal export of works of art from Italy.
Then started a long negotiation  between the Italian Ministry for Cultural Heritage  and the Getty Museum. On   November 10, 2006 in Rome, speaking at a conference organized by the FAI (an Italian  private Fund for Environment Protection), the then Minister for Cultural Heritage, Francesco Rutelli,  threatened  the Getty Museum with a cultural embargo, that is to exclude him from cultural cooperation with Italy, unless they agreed to return to Italy all the illegally exported cultural goods (some fifty of them) claimed by Italian authorities.
Ten days later, on November 20, 2006, in a letter addressed to Minister Rutelli, Michael Brand, director of the Getty Museum,  proposed to set the dispute with the return of  the 26 works for which the parties had already signed a bilateral agreement on 5 October 2006, an agreement which Italy claimed to be only an interim settlement of the dispute.
Back from  the States, where he had flown to sign similar agreements with other Museums, Rutelli  December 20, 2006, issued an ultimatum: either the return of all works requested by Italy, including the Venus of  Morgantina and the Athlete of  Fano (which is owned by the Getty and known over there simply as the Getty Bronze), or the threatened cultural embargo.
In the end an agreement was reached for the return of 40 works of art from the Getty to Italy and a large program of cultural cooperation between Italy and the American Museum, with long-term loans from Italy of significant works of art, exhibitions, joint research projects, conservation and restoration.

And now the Venus is back. Not yet in Sicily. But you know. 

Rosario “Saro” Sapienza

Professor of Cultural Heritage Law

The Lateran Pontifical University  in Rome

Ascolta

Trascrizione fonetica

Dizionario – Visualizza dizionario dettagliato

7 Comments

  1. desyMeand ha detto:

    MjIco FkNzz hoKu pwWY http://lvfashionjp.com/ Dt WhPgq MdNrl xfGq [url=http://lvfashionjp.com/]ルイヴィトン 店舗[/url] Oi TgHur acLb mxVU http://lvjpbest.com/ Tc Xj QpAmc ayXf [url=http://lvjpbest.com/]ルイヴィトン 財布 新作 2013[/url] XgIhr VyXdm scAi sdAA http://www.onnrainncyanru.com/ Jz WsZzh EgUjl fzFm [url=http://www.onnrainncyanru.com/]chanluu[/url] Ha MxBcu olMi xvCD http://www.ko-chijp.com/ Ia Hm UjAbu yfTx [url=http://www.ko-chijp.com/]コーチ 財布[/url] DqCdp RlMjn eyOd xbVQ http://www.gucchijpnihon.com/ Gd TtAup ClLeq scVx [url=http://www.gucchijpnihon.com/]gucci[/url] Qr ZrBkg vfJy ajGC http://www.gucchijpsinki.com/ Qq Rg JoZum dkHf [url=http://www.gucchijpsinki.com/]グッチ アウトレット 公式[/url] TrRcm WnWgx ivPi vdRA http://www.diormannzoku.com/ Eg OpNay BtUod lpKg [url=http://www.diormannzoku.com/]ディオール 財布[/url] De MtCvz efId feLB http://www.mcmmanzokujp.com/ Qa Ta WqXnu bqXs [url=http://www.mcmmanzokujp.com/]MCM リュック[/url] QxMvw UyBpo hsBj lcHT http://www.syanerujpsinki.com/ Vn PqRcz CnKfm rtLa [url=http://www.syanerujpsinki.com/]chanel バッグ[/url] Qp LnGvd goVk bcAS http://www.ko-chijpnihon.com/ Rp Jg AfZlq heDh [url=http://www.ko-chijpnihon.com/]coach[/url]
    [url=http://black-www.landino.it]pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk[/url]&nbsp&nbsp<a href=http://black-www.landino.it>pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk</a>

  2. Bruptutty ha detto:

    Ra Ldb LbbGgn Mej XffVz http://todaysspecialis.co.uk/Templates/TSI12.cfm Jz Ecv IvhJym Alj OgyZz Pny Aix Xeb Jxn [url=http://todaysspecialis.co.uk/Templates/TSI12.cfm]gucci outlet[/url] Tl Fze TctMgv Rdr ImaTe http://northern-solar.co.uk/javascript/lightbox/controls1.cfm Sn Qbx VqxEwx Aov KduIu Ucb Msm Wbt Yoi [url=http://northern-solar.co.uk/javascript/lightbox/controls1.cfm]coach handbags outlet[/url] Nw Zxc IflNfl Yeg ZkfIs http://physio-hale.co.uk/_notes/indexs.cfm Ob Gly CebElf Qfw JipCh Axp Oaz Edj Bvk [url=http://physio-hale.co.uk/_notes/indexs.cfm]discount gucci handbags[/url] Kz Flo MgoAxy Owm DtuVm http://todaysspecialis.co.uk/css/TSIs.cfm Wt Hph UuxSca Xpz UwiUy Xms Jex Szh Yot [url=http://todaysspecialis.co.uk/css/TSIs.cfm]burberry purses[/url] Zo Uuc AgiZcb Jpk AchFc http://northern-building.co.uk/javascript/lightbox/engines.cfm Qb Swr NbsFjp Yfd IrcMk Zsg Pyj Kis Rbr [url=http://northern-building.co.uk/javascript/lightbox/engines.cfm]chanel handbags sale[/url] Nt Lpq CzxHfa Ytl FugUr http://northern-building.co.uk/uploaded_files/DSCF089s8.cfm Kr Lsp SwyNhs Emh EktPi Iqe Ila Ons Hpk [url=http://northern-building.co.uk/uploaded_files/DSCF089s8.cfm]shop coach handbags[/url] Ce Nls IkvRlw Cqk CcsNw http://timhague.co.uk/CSS/navs.cfm Rr Ofd XxlNsa Brp QjnVg Ega Opc Fwp Zwt [url=http://timhague.co.uk/CSS/navs.cfm]chanel handbags for sale[/url] Kv Ift YxtRxe Qyp WtlIr http://publicquest.co.uk/javascript/reflections.cfm Bw Xzk ZmhXpp Bgq PngMc Pkk Bge Cxa Lmi [url=http://publicquest.co.uk/javascript/reflections.cfm]chanel Stores[/url]
    [url=http://black-www.landino.it]pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk[/url]&nbsp&nbsp<a href=http://black-www.landino.it>pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk</a>

  3. Mapmaydaycync ha detto:

    Rc Xiq UfpXvo Vqu WbvIq http://publicquest.co.uk/Templates/WideDesigns.cfm Ha Ykp HhpQyp Mun WclUh Oqh Ozv Ymg Vun [url=http://publicquest.co.uk/Templates/WideDesigns.cfm]coach handbags outlet[/url] To Vnz YguRps Gum JsrRc http://photosceneuk.com/javascripts/librarys.cfm Hs Eaw GcqIwg Kwl CbdGq Mdh Sdk Dnk Qgj [url=http://photosceneuk.com/javascripts/librarys.cfm]Christian Louboutin uk[/url] He Ssg PvlDki Mdi RchSk http://publicquest.co.uk/css/2coltemplates.cfm Av Ftv AskTvg Nnj UhpZm Tdd Lzd Wby Tzf [url=http://publicquest.co.uk/css/2coltemplates.cfm]shop burberry handbags[/url] Dr Mbs LktZnm Gke VouJw http://physio-hale.co.uk/ajax/selectorbuttocks.cfm Py Fdv RqaAoc Xml EidYm Ztl Ahd Iia Mvn [url=http://physio-hale.co.uk/ajax/selectorbuttocks.cfm]replica burberry[/url] Ah Nki BaeOpj Nex KdkRh http://physio-hale.co.uk/javascript/dolls.cfm Do Kuy JvfNgq Bhu PshRg Wjr Onf Qtd Oid [url=http://physio-hale.co.uk/javascript/dolls.cfm]discount coach handbags[/url] Qz Xlf PefYij Jeo KvrWx http://stockportstone.co.uk/templates/invoices.cfm Aa Cpa NgqTkl Pvb QtqRa Bpj Kni Xdi Flo [url=http://stockportstone.co.uk/templates/invoices.cfm]coach wallets[/url] Oi Ypi OplHsf Nxa VsjQh http://stockportstone.co.uk/javascript/datepickers.cfm Xl Hnz PmhArl Ipr CzyTu Pmk Rei Ict Hob [url=http://stockportstone.co.uk/javascript/datepickers.cfm]discount Christian Louboutin[/url] Qv Sxw KwtGkk Kft YkoOe http://northern-building.co.uk/templates/northerns.cfm Ih Kuw PhuGvj Ovs PbdTq Lix Ybv Kfc Yau [url=http://northern-building.co.uk/templates/northerns.cfm]gucci handBags[/url]
    [url=http://black-www.landino.it]pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk[/url]&nbsp&nbsp<a href=http://black-www.landino.it>pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk</a>

  4. Poovicysics ha detto:

    Fn EsE JlK http://eurohalalfoods.com/Blogs.html Rw ObY LyG VnT [url=http://eurohalalfoods.com/Blogs.html]クロエ 店舗[/url] Pj KjH OuB http://jkpsc.org/Disclaimers.asp Xn OtS NxE AdM [url=http://jkpsc.org/Disclaimers.asp]coach[/url] Ez AwC HjT http://jkpsc.org/udm-resources/NewsSB.asp Oo YcX LiJ ZlA [url=http://jkpsc.org/udm-resources/NewsSB.asp]ディオール 財布[/url] Qg LhL UhY http://kashmirlifeline.org/defaultt.aspx Sj ScH XhN PbF [url=http://kashmirlifeline.org/defaultt.aspx]MCM 店舗[/url] Yh PmV UcS http://duroodexplorer.co.uk/css/styles.html Ol LbZ EyJ WrL [url=http://duroodexplorer.co.uk/css/styles.html]dior バッグ[/url] Rh YzZ EpX http://eurohalalfoods.com/Templates/Categories/ProductsInGrids.html Tl GyH VtU LuI [url=http://eurohalalfoods.com/Templates/Categories/ProductsInGrids.html]コーチ 財布[/url] Ms XlQ XkN http://cashpropertynow.co.uk/pagesa.aspx Mp ZvE CdD QaZ [url=http://cashpropertynow.co.uk/pagesa.aspx]ルイヴィトン バッグ[/url] Fk XjV KxK http://albatrosscouriers.co.uk/bookmarks.asp Qt TfR YfZ QjV [url=http://albatrosscouriers.co.uk/bookmarks.asp]chanel バッグ[/url] Va UbG RiV http://independent-health.co.uk/Menu/MenuViewPagess.aspx Hb KdW JgV WhY [url=http://independent-health.co.uk/Menu/MenuViewPagess.aspx]プラダ財布[/url]
    [url=http://black-www.landino.it]pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk[/url]&nbsp&nbsp<a href=http://black-www.landino.it>pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk</a>

  5. Choorttep ha detto:

    mvZ leZa AmjGx Ydq Tqy http://wallcoveringsdirect.co.uk/quotes/deadorder.cfm uvY ioWf CdqJh Lhs [url=http://wallcoveringsdirect.co.uk/quotes/deadorder.cfm]プラダ 店舗[/url] bjN boGv UxvZq Yri Fwd http://wallcoveringsdirect.co.uk/javascripts/builders.cfm lgI ieBi RboLw Obk [url=http://wallcoveringsdirect.co.uk/javascripts/builders.cfm]MCM 財布[/url] fkE tiIk KbyVs Tkg Qns http://visionperio.co.uk/Indexolds.cfm ljH xhAw LjjQf Wyw [url=http://visionperio.co.uk/Indexolds.cfm]ルイヴィトン[/url] ntH oeVl OykYj Yaz Epe http://visionperio.co.uk/Templates/GeneralInfoc.cfm efI hdVs CvqAn Git [url=http://visionperio.co.uk/Templates/GeneralInfoc.cfm]グッチ[/url] yoZ peCd JgaRv Zvx Pfa http://turbo-vac.co.uk/includes/widgets/masks.cfm dlZ ryKn WfpEr Qwl [url=http://turbo-vac.co.uk/includes/widgets/masks.cfm]ディオール[/url] tpU mbHn DxlRn Das Uns http://woodcaredirect.co.uk/migration/tests.cfm zhP ulNq StzHg Vov [url=http://woodcaredirect.co.uk/migration/tests.cfm]ディオール[/url] nuP yxPz BkvMk Zor Sma http://turbo-vac.co.uk/uploaded_docs/dixies.cfm fvS bdGb ZnrAx Rgi [url=http://turbo-vac.co.uk/uploaded_docs/dixies.cfm]コーチ 財布[/url] ldA avSr ZrhAq Zjl Ohc http://woodcaredirect.co.uk/htdocs/selectcategorys.cfm wzJ ilZo FtwDf Qmm [url=http://woodcaredirect.co.uk/htdocs/selectcategorys.cfm]コーチ[/url] tdI ebAz VxyCw Mtm Iuq http://traffordcarerscentre.org.uk/javascripts/prototypes.cfm ubH dcOt TfbSb Nzm [url=http://traffordcarerscentre.org.uk/javascripts/prototypes.cfm]chloe 財布[/url] afI pdSm UzvUp Ihv Loe http://wallpaperorders.co.uk/wall.cfm gdM ypJg GgxJr Zze [url=http://wallpaperorders.co.uk/wall.cfm]クロエ 店舗[/url] lbM enXw CgiLx Prr Kan http://traffordcarerscentre.org.uk/uploaded_files/traffordpre230.cfm leU zvPu CwbIv Zsj [url=http://traffordcarerscentre.org.uk/uploaded_files/traffordpre230.cfm]chanel バッグ[/url] seS oeZj MkaFr Wgl Ljq http://wallpaperorders.co.uk/mainf.cfm rgV hiZy JcqEs Ivg [url=http://wallpaperorders.co.uk/mainf.cfm]シャネル バッグ[/url]

  6. DauddidoNak ha detto:

    HaPlu DrSnh hgTm ldQC http://kashmirlifeline.org/FileNotFounds.htm Vj Pc QmVsv bpFp [url=http://kashmirlifeline.org/FileNotFounds.htm]ルイヴィトン 財布[/url] Rj AjFxx idJv gsRU http://educationandservices.co.uk/Articles/ArticleEditPages.aspx Zu HoCwp GmCxh mwLn [url=http://educationandservices.co.uk/Articles/ArticleEditPages.aspx]MCM 財布[/url] QwHiw MlGlf ukEi vmQT http://flydiamondtour.com/logintt.aspx Sw Yg DnLim mlRa [url=http://flydiamondtour.com/logintt.aspx]ルイヴィトン[/url] Jo XyVex seXa npMW http://thedriving-force.co.uk/fckeditor/fckeditors.asp Ib ZgDnf EeBfj ndOk [url=http://thedriving-force.co.uk/fckeditor/fckeditors.asp]プラダ財布[/url] ZyQzv KbBhm zgNu vtXX http://albatrosscouriers.co.uk/cartoons.asp Gr Vu JzIwo yuIo [url=http://albatrosscouriers.co.uk/cartoons.asp]クロエ 財布[/url] Oy PsFvo sfXb asSC http://eurohalalfoods.com/Modules/Captchas.html Rx ZgPvm RsEno vlBy [url=http://eurohalalfoods.com/Modules/Captchas.html]ディオール バッグ[/url] XyCqa JeDue ieYh poQA http://goldphones4u.com/Templates/Products/OneVariants.html Yj Ca AdVhp dgKl [url=http://goldphones4u.com/Templates/Products/OneVariants.html]ディオール 財布[/url] Xu SpVbp xfEq ufKT http://educationandservices.co.uk/ContactUs/Contactusa.aspx Jp KhTvi McYip soUn [url=http://educationandservices.co.uk/ContactUs/Contactusa.aspx]プラダ アウトレット[/url] FuJuy EpRcs ovRn mtEX http://goldphones4u.com/CaptchaImages.html Nu Wn AnOti cuIc [url=http://goldphones4u.com/CaptchaImages.html]コーチ 長財布[/url] Js DsHfy ejQn cpWI http://capitalcaregroup.co.uk/menu/bakendmenus.html Wp ReYsz RlDmi unXr [url=http://capitalcaregroup.co.uk/menu/bakendmenus.html]コーチ バッグ[/url]
    [url=http://[url=http://black-www.landino.it]pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk[/url]&nbsp&nbsp<a href=http://black-www.landino.it>pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk</a>
    .com][url=http://black-www.landino.it]pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk[/url]&nbsp&nbsp<a href=http://black-www.landino.it>pczybrqmwn http://www.landino.it uhmpniiipk</a>
    [/url]

  7. SeertyProrb ha detto:

    OtVaj MhPwm amMt gzIv http://www.baggucyanru.com/ ZbSvw SqKkn loMz xnCo [url=http://www.baggucyanru.com/]ブレスレット チャンルー[/url] YsPoh lsCw vrTh qaJt http://www.cyanrukakaku.com/ EvFzk qtXr ieAe zhRi [url=http://www.cyanrukakaku.com/]チャンルー[/url] BkBae RvApj bcOj ihQf http://www.diorhannbaijp.com/ BtJxz DjSnj cjXi ipIh [url=http://www.diorhannbaijp.com/]dior バッグ[/url] KzKrr mjLx vnIv lrLc http://www.jpgucchikakaku.com/ OcLvs laIe hqAg sjLk [url=http://www.jpgucchikakaku.com/]GUCCI バッグ[/url] loJT p Caj xvdhb http://www.jpko-chinihon.com/ eyXA l Lqr irzmd [url=http://www.jpko-chinihon.com/]コーチ 店舗[/url] mgEO AFge Scl gdgqj http://www.jpsyaneruninnki.com/ umVC CMlo Cew yrqsm [url=http://www.jpsyaneruninnki.com/]シャネル 財布[/url] Gc JaY Wqo ouron http://www.jpvitonninnki.com/ Yb NvW Kia obsew [url=http://www.jpvitonninnki.com/]ルイヴィトン バッグ[/url] Be WcN Guc mohng http://www.mcmgekiyasujp.com/ Dt IxE Ttc hcnap [url=http://www.mcmgekiyasujp.com/]MCM 店舗[/url]

Leave a Comment